Continuous integration Crate Packaging status


Trippy combines the functionality of traceroute and ping and is designed to assist with the analysis of networking issues.




Packaging status


cargo install trippy

Snap (Linux)


snap install trippy

Homebrew (MacOS)

Homebrew package

brew install trippy

WinGet (Windows)

winget package

winget install trippy

Scoop (Windows)

Scoop package

scoop install trippy


pkgsrc current package

pkgin install trippy


FreeBSD port

pkg install trippy

Pacman (Arch Linux)

Arch package

pacman -S trippy


nixpkgs unstable package

nix-env -iA trippy


Docker Image Version (latest by date)

docker run -it fujiapple/trippy


Trippy has been (lightly…) tested on the following platforms:


Platform ICMP UDP TCP Notes
OpenBSD See #213
FreeBSD See #214
Windows See #98


Platform ICMP UDP TCP Notes
OpenBSD See #213
FreeBSD See #214
Windows See #98


Trippy uses a raw socket which requires elevated privileges. Enabling the required privilege can be achieved in several ways, including:

1: Run as root user via sudo:

sudo trip

2: chown trip as the root user and set the setuid bit:

sudo chown root $(which trip) && sudo chmod +s $(which trip)

3: [Linux only] Set the CAP_NET_RAW capability:

sudo setcap CAP_NET_RAW+p $(which trip)

Trippy is a capability aware application and will add CAP_NET_RAW to the effective set if it is present in the allowed set. Note that trippy will drop all capabilities after creating the raw socket.

Usage Examples

Basic usage with default parameters:


Trace using the udp (or tcp or icmp) protocol (also aliases --udp & --tcp):

trip -p udp

Trace to multiple targets simultaneously (icmp protocol only, see #72):


Trace with a minimum round time of 250ms and a grace period of 50ms:

trip -i 250ms -g 50ms

Trace with a custom first and maximum time-to-live:

trip --first-ttl 2 --max-ttl 10

Use custom destination port 443 for tcp tracing:

trip -p tcp -P 443

Use custom source port 5000 for udp tracing:

trip -p udp -S 5000

Use the dublin (or paris) ECMP routing strategy for udp with fixed source and destination ports:

trip -p udp -R dublin -S 5000 -P 3500

Trace with a custom source address:

trip -p tcp -A

Trace with a source address determined by the IPv4 address for interface en0:

trip -p tcp -I en0

Trace using IPv6:

trip -6

Generate a json (or csv, pretty, markdown) tracing report with 5 rounds of data:

trip -m json -C 5

Perform DNS queries using the google DNS resolver (or cloudflare, system, resolv):

trip -r google

Lookup AS information for all discovered IP addresses (not yet available for the system resolver, see #66):

trip -r google -z true

Lookup and display short (or long or location or off) GeoIp information from a mmdb file:

trip --geoip-mmdb-file GeoLite2-City.mmdb --tui-geoip-mode short

Customize the color theme:

trip --tui-theme-colors bg-color=blue,text-color=ffff00

List all Tui items that can have a custom color theme:

trip --print-tui-theme-items

Customize the key bindings:

trip --tui-key-bindings previous-hop=k,next-hop=j,quit=shift-q

List all Tui commands that can have a custom key binding:

trip --print-tui-binding-commands

Specify the location of the trippy config file:

trip --config-file /path/to/trippy.toml

Generate bash shell completions (or fish, powershell, zsh, elvish):

trip --generate bash

Run in silent tracing mode and output compact trace logging with full span events:

trip -m silent -v --log-format compact --log-span-events full

Command Reference

Usage: trip [OPTIONS] [TARGETS]...

          A space delimited list of hostnames and IPs to trace

  -c, --config-file <CONFIG_FILE>
          Config file

  -m, --mode <MODE>
          Output mode [default: tui]

          Possible values:
          - tui:      Display interactive TUI
          - stream:   Display a continuous stream of tracing data
          - pretty:   Generate an pretty text table report for N cycles
          - markdown: Generate a markdown text table report for N cycles
          - csv:      Generate a SCV report for N cycles
          - json:     Generate a JSON report for N cycles
          - silent:   Do not generate any tracing output for N cycles

  -p, --protocol <PROTOCOL>
          Tracing protocol [default: icmp]

          Possible values:
          - icmp: Internet Control Message Protocol
          - udp:  User Datagram Protocol
          - tcp:  Transmission Control Protocol

          Trace using the UDP protocol

          Trace using the TCP protocol

  -4, --ipv4
          use IPv4 only

  -6, --ipv6
          Use IPv6 only

  -P, --target-port <TARGET_PORT>
          The target port (TCP & UDP only) [default: 80]

  -S, --source-port <SOURCE_PORT>
          The source port (TCP & UDP only) [default: auto]

  -A, --source-address <SOURCE_ADDRESS>
          The source IP address [default: auto]

  -I, --interface <INTERFACE>
          The network interface [default: auto]

  -i, --min-round-duration <MIN_ROUND_DURATION>
          The minimum duration of every round [default: 1s]

  -T, --max-round-duration <MAX_ROUND_DURATION>
          The maximum duration of every round [default: 1s]

  -g, --grace-duration <GRACE_DURATION>
          The period of time to wait for additional ICMP responses after the
          target has responded [default: 100ms]

      --initial-sequence <INITIAL_SEQUENCE>
          The initial sequence number [default: 33000]

  -R, --multipath-strategy <MULTIPATH_STRATEGY>
          The Equal-cost Multi-Path routing strategy (IPv4/UDP only) [default:

          Possible values:
          - classic:
            The src or dest port is used to store the sequence number
          - paris:
            The UDP `checksum` field is used to store the sequence number
          - dublin:
            The IP `identifier` field is used to store the sequence number

  -U, --max-inflight <MAX_INFLIGHT>
          The maximum number of in-flight ICMP echo requests [default: 24]

  -f, --first-ttl <FIRST_TTL>
          The TTL to start from [default: 1]

  -t, --max-ttl <MAX_TTL>
          The maximum number of TTL hops [default: 64]

      --packet-size <PACKET_SIZE>
          The size of IP packet to send (IP header + ICMP header + payload)
          [default: 84]

      --payload-pattern <PAYLOAD_PATTERN>
          The repeating pattern in the payload of the ICMP packet [default: 0]

  -Q, --tos <TOS>
          The TOS (i.e. DSCP+ECN) IP header value (TCP and UDP only) [default:

      --read-timeout <READ_TIMEOUT>
          The socket read timeout [default: 10ms]

  -r, --dns-resolve-method <DNS_RESOLVE_METHOD>
          How to perform DNS queries [default: system]

          Possible values:
          - system:     Resolve using the OS resolver
          - resolv:     Resolve using the `/etc/resolv.conf` DNS configuration
          - google:     Resolve using the Google `` DNS service
          - cloudflare: Resolve using the Cloudflare `` DNS service

      --dns-timeout <DNS_TIMEOUT>
          The maximum time to wait to perform DNS queries [default: 5s]

  -z, --dns-lookup-as-info <DNS_LOOKUP_AS_INFO>
          Lookup autonomous system (AS) information during DNS queries [default:

          [possible values: true, false]

  -a, --tui-address-mode <TUI_ADDRESS_MODE>
          How to render addresses [default: host]

          Possible values:
          - ip:   Show IP address only
          - host: Show reverse-lookup DNS hostname only
          - both: Show both IP address and reverse-lookup DNS hostname

      --tui-as-mode <TUI_AS_MODE>
          How to render AS information [default: asn]

          Possible values:
          - asn:          Show the ASN
          - prefix:       Display the AS prefix
          - country-code: Display the country code
          - registry:     Display the registry name
          - allocated:    Display the allocated date
          - name:         Display the AS name

      --tui-geoip-mode <TUI_GEOIP_MODE>
          How to render GeoIp information [default: short]

          Possible values:
          - off:      Do not display GeoIp data
          - short:    Show short format
          - long:     Show long format
          - location: Show latitude and Longitude format

  -M, --tui-max-addrs <TUI_MAX_ADDRS>
          The maximum number of addresses to show per hop [default: auto]

  -s, --tui-max-samples <TUI_MAX_SAMPLES>
          The maximum number of samples to record per hop [default: 256]

      --tui-preserve-screen <TUI_PRESERVE_SCREEN>
          Preserve the screen on exit [default: false]

          [possible values: true, false]

      --tui-refresh-rate <TUI_REFRESH_RATE>
          The Tui refresh rate [default: 100ms]

      --tui-theme-colors <TUI_THEME_COLORS>
          The TUI theme colors [item=color,item=color,..]

          Print all TUI theme items and exit

      --tui-key-bindings <TUI_KEY_BINDINGS>
          The TUI key bindings [command=key,command=key,..]

          Print all TUI commands that can be bound and exit

  -C, --report-cycles <REPORT_CYCLES>
          The number of report cycles to run [default: 10]

  -G, --geoip-mmdb-file <GEOIP_MMDB_FILE>
          The MaxMind City GeoLite2 mmdb file

      --generate <GENERATE>
          Generate shell completion

          [possible values: bash, elvish, fish, powershell, zsh]

      --log-format <LOG_FORMAT>
          The debug log format [default: pretty]

          Possible values:
          - compact: Display log data in a compact format
          - pretty:  Display log data in a pretty format
          - json:    Display log data in a json format
          - chrome:  Display log data in Chrome trace format

      --log-filter <LOG_FILTER>
          The debug log filter [default: trippy=debug]

      --log-span-events <LOG_SPAN_EVENTS>
          The debug log format [default: off]

          Possible values:
          - off:    Do not display event spans
          - active: Display enter and exit event spans
          - full:   Display all event spans

  -v, --verbose
          Enable verbose debug logging

  -h, --help
          Print help (see a summary with '-h')

  -V, --version
          Print version

Theme Reference

The following table lists the default Tui color theme. These can be overridden with the --tui-theme-colors command line option.

Item Description Default
bg-color The default background color Black
border-color The default color of borders Gray
text-color The default color of text Gray
tab-text-color The color of the text in traces tabs Green
hops-table-header-bg-color The background color of the hops table header White
hops-table-header-text-color The color of text in the hops table header Black
hops-table-row-active-text-color The color of text of active rows in the hops table Gray
hops-table-row-inactive-text-color The color of text of inactive rows in the hops table DarkGray
hops-chart-selected-color The color of the selected series in the hops chart Green
hops-chart-unselected-color The color of the unselected series in the hops chart Gray
hops-chart-axis-color The color of the axis in the hops chart DarkGray
frequency-chart-bar-color The color of bars in the frequency chart Green
frequency-chart-text-color The color of text in the bars of the frequency chart Gray
samples-chart-color The color of the samples chart Yellow
help-dialog-bg-color The background color of the help dialog Blue
help-dialog-text-color The color of the text in the help dialog Gray
settings-dialog-bg-color The background color of the settings dialog blue
settings-tab-text-color The color of the text in settings dialog tabs green
settings-table-header-text-color The color of text in the settings table header black
settings-table-header-bg-color The background color of the settings table header white
settings-table-row-text-color The color of text of rows in the settings table gray
map-world-color The color of the map world diagram white
map-radius-color The color of the map accuracy radius circle yellow
map-selected-color The color of the map selected item box green
map-info-panel-border-color The color of border of the map info panel gray
map-info-panel-bg-color The background color of the map info panel black
map-info-panel-text-color The color of text in the map info panel gray

The supported colors are:

Color names are case-insensitive and may contain dashes. Raw hex values, such as ffffff for white, may also be used.

Key Bindings Reference

The following table lists the default Tui command key bindings. These can be overridden with the --tui-key-bindings command line option.

Command Description Default
toggle-help Toggle help h
toggle-settings Toggle settings s
next-hop Select next hop down
previous-hop Select previous hop up
next-trace Select next trace right
previous-trace Select previous trace left
next-hop-address Select next hop address .
previous-hop-address Select previous hop address ,
address-mode-ip Show IP address only i
address-mode-host Show hostname only n
address-mode-both Show both IP address and hostname b
toggle-freeze Toggle freezing the display f
toggle-chart Toggle the chart c
toggle-map Toggle the GeoIp map m
expand-hosts Expand the hosts shown per hop ]
expand-hosts-max Expand the hosts shown per hop to the maximum }
contract-hosts Contract the hosts shown per hop [
contract-hosts-min Contract the hosts shown per hop to the minimum {
chart-zoom-in Zoom in the chart =
chart-zoom-out Zoom out the chart -
clear-trace-data Clear all trace data ctrl+r
clear-dns-cache Flush the DNS cache ctrl+k
clear-selection Clear the current selection esc
toggle-as-info Toggle AS info display z
toggle-hop-details Toggle hop details d
quit Quit the application q

The supported modifiers are: shift, ctrl, alt, super, hyper & meta. Multiple modifiers may be specified, for example ctrl+shift+b.

Configuration Reference

Trippy can be configured with via command line arguments or an optional configuration file. If a given configuration item is specified in both the configuration file and via a command line argument then the latter will take precedence.

The configuration file location may be provided to trippy via the -c (--config-file) argument. If not provided, Trippy will attempt to locate a trippy.toml or .trippy.toml configuration file in one of the following locations:

An annotated template configuration file is available.


Trippy is made possible by tui-rs, crossterm as well as several foundational Rust libraries.

Trippy draws heavily from mtr and also incorporates ideas from both libparistraceroute & Dublin Traceroute.

The Trippy networking code is inspired by pnet and some elements of that codebase are incorporated in Trippy.

The AS data is retrieved from the IP to ASN Mapping Service provided by Team Cymru.

The CNAME hosting is provided by


This project is distributed under the terms of the Apache License (Version 2.0).

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in time by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

See LICENSE for details.

Copyright 2022 Trippy Contributors